Kamis, 10 Maret 2011


Moluccas lies across a transition zone between Asian and Australian fauna and flora, and also between the Malay-based cultures of western Indonesia and those of Melanesia. There are over 1,000 islands in the Province most of which are uninhabited. 85% of Moluccas is water and it sits astride one of the world’s most actively volatile volcanic belts. The region has known more than 70 eruptions over the last 400years. Tremors and volcanic explosions are by no means rare events and, in fact, many of the islands form classic scenes of volcanic cones rising out of the sea.

Moluccas is blessed with incredible sea gardens, idyllic, tropical beaches and wonderful landscapes rich with a great variety of endemic plant and animal species. The rugged, forest-coated and mountainous hinterlands of the islands are home to the racker tailed kingfisher, the Red-crested Moluccas cockatoo, and other brilliantly-colored lorikeets and parrots.

It was the Dutch, who arrived in 1599, that proved to be a strong adversary in the quest for, and control of, Maluku’s tree surest Armed conflicts broke out, taking a heavy toll from the island populations as well as the rival European powers an’ when the Dutch finally emerged as victors they enforced the trade monopoly with an iron fist. Whole villages were razed to the ground and thousands of islanders died, especially on the island of Banda, in the so called Hongi Expeditions.


Ambon, the provincial capital of Moluccas which is built on a hillside overlooking the bay, has a number of interesting sites of historical and cultural interests. Among them are the remnants of some old forts built by the Dutch East Indies Company during the heydays of the spice trade and the Museum Siwa Lima with its collection of local arts and crafts. More ruins of forts are found such as the Dutch one at Lima and those of the Portuguese at Hila, which are almost entirely hidden underneath the contorted roots of a giant Banyan tree. The ANZAC War Cemetery near Ambon town is the site of services held every year on April 25, to commemorate the Allied soldiers who died in the region during World War II. Ambon is at the Moluccas end of the annual yacht race between Darwin, Australia and Ambon. The race usually takes place at the end of July and the beginning of August.

Coral Sea Gardens
Good beaches with coral reefs just off the shore are found around Pombo Island Namalatu beach and at Hunimoa Beach on Ambon. A popular recreation beach on the same island is Natsepa, Honimua and Namalatu.

Banda Islands
The Banda group, about 132 kilometers southeast of Ambon, consists of three larger islands and seven smaller ones, perched on the rim of Indonesia’s deepest sea, the Banda Sea. Near the island Manuk, the water reaches a depth of more than 6,500 meters. Of the three biggest Islands Banda, Banda-Neira and Gunung Api, the first two are covered with nutmeg trees and other vegetation. The third however, is entirely bare and highly volcanic. The last eruption of Mt. Api occurred only a few years ago.

The seas around Banda are the site of the famous Moluccas sea gardens with their bright corals and colorful fish darting through the crystal-clear waters. Facilities for sightseeing, snorkeling and skin diving are available, as well as clean, comfortable cottages. Banda saw some of the bloodiest episodes of Moluccas’s past history during the 17th century. In 1609, the Dutch East Indies Company (VOC) dispatched Verhoeff to the Islands to obtain the contested spice trade monopoly at any cost. Confronted by a superior power, the people of Banda were forced to allow the company to establish a fort, but in that same year Verhoeff was killed together with 45 of his men. The Company retaliated, but peace was not restored.

In 1619, V.O.C. Governor-General Jan Pieterszoon Coen arrived at the head of a penal expedition and exterminated the entire population of Banda. The land was divided into lots, called “perken”, and given to former company employees, the “perkiniers”, who were obliged to grow nutmeg and sell them at predetermined prices to the company. Slaves did the actual work in the fields. The old “perkenier houses”, or what is left of them, and old churches still retain a peculiar colonial character to the port town of Bandaneira today. Two old forts Belgica and Nassau are inside the town limits. Others are found elsewhere on the islands. See also the former Dutch Governor’s mansion, the Museum of History in Neira, and the huge nutmeg plantation nearby.

Seram Island
One of the biggest Island in Maluku. The beaches in Ceram are generally beautiful and suitable for swimming, fishing etc. Sea gardens, Sago woods, Maiden forests also. Naulu race who still keep their habits and traditional way of life. Exotic nature, flora and fauna, Manusela National Park, Kasa islet and Babi islet surrounded by white sandy beaches, beautiful spots for swimming and fishing and gorgeous sea gardens. Wonderful waterfall and beautiful surrounding panorama in the village of Rumakai Antiques.

Halmahera Islands
Ternate, an island off the west coast of Halmahera in northern Maluku, was once the seat of an important kingdom which prospered from the spice trade. The Portuguese, the Spanish and the Dutch vied with each other for influence on this island. A stronghold of Islam in the otherwise predominantly Christian province of Maluku, Ternate nevertheless carries the clear imprints of both its pre Islamic past and its period of contact with the West, especially the Portuguese.

The old sultan’s palace in Ternate town is now a museum. In the vicinity are the ruins of Old Portuguese, Spanish and Dutch forts. The remnants of the Dutch Fort Orange are right in town. About five kilometers west of the town, on the slope of a 1,715 meter tall volcano in the middle of the island, is Afo, with its giant clove tree, said to be more than 360 years old to be the ancestor of all clove trees in the world. Morotai Island, just off Halmahera’s northern arm, was an important airbase during World War II, first for the Allies and later for ~the Japanese until its recapture near the end of the war. The ghosts of war still linger in this area, where many wrecks of aircraft and rusting guns lie abandoned in the bushes.

Central and southern Moluccas Islands experience the dry monsoon between October to March and the wet monsoon from May to August, which is the reverse of the rest of Indonesia. The dry monsoon's average maximum temperature is 30°C while the wet's average maximum is 23°C. Northern Moluccas has its wet monsoon from December to March in line with the rest of Indonesia. Each island group has their own climatic variations, and the larger islands tend to have drier coastal lowlands and their mountainous hinterlands are wetter

Cloves and nutmeg are still cultivated, as are cocoa, coffee and fruit. Fishing is a big industry across the islands but particularly around Halmahera and Bacan. The Aru Islands produce pearls, and Seram exports lobsters. Logging is a significant industry on the larger islands with Seram producing ironwood and teak and ebony are produced on Buru

There are several tourist attractions below:

Tour in Ternate:
Benteng Kalamata (fort),
Pantai Sulamadaha (beach),
Danau Tolire (lake),
Gunung Gamalama (mount)

Tour in north Moluccas:
Tidore (island),
Jailolo (town in Halmahera),
Galela (beach in Halmahera)

Tour in Ambon and around:
Museum Siwalima,
Tugu Doolan (monument in Kudamati),
Commonwealth War Cemetery,
Monumen Pattimura,
Monumen Martha Christina Tiahahu,
Gunung Sirimau (mount),
Pantai Natsepa (beach in Teluk Baguala),
Taman Lunterse Boer (beach park),
Kolam Waiselaka (eel pond in Waai),
Pulau Pombo (island & marine park),
Pantai Namalatu (beach in Latuhalat),
Pantai Lelisa (beach in Latuhalat),
Pantai Felawatu (beach in Airlow),
Anihang (waterfall),
Tanjung Setan (marine park in Morela),
Pantai Honimua (beach in Hitu),
Pintu Kota (in Airlow and Seri),
Hatuasa (hotsprings in Tulehu, Salahutu),
Kolam Wailatu (giant eel pond),
Benteng Amsterdam (fort in Hila),
Gereja Immanuel (oldest church),
Masjid Wapaue (old mosque),
Soya Atas (sacred standing stones)

Tour in central Moluccas:
Benteng Duurstede (fort in P. Saparua),
Pantai Waisisil (beach in P. Saparua),
Pantai Kollor (beach in P. Saparua),
Gua Tujuh Putri (cave in P. Saparua),
Benteng New Zeland (fort in P. Haruku),
Benteng Neuw Horn (fort in P. Haruku),
Pantai Hulaliu (beach in P. Haruku),
Benteng Beverwyk (fort in P. Nusalaut),
Manusela (nature reserve in P. Seram),
Sawai (fishing village in P. Seram), Buru (island)

Tour in Banda islands:
Rumah Budaya (Museum in Bandaneira),
Benteng Nassau (fort in Bandaneira),
Benteng Belgica (fort in Bandaneira),
Rumah Bung Hatta & Syahrir,
Gereja Elim Tabernakel (old church),
Pulau Gunung Api (volcano island),
Benteng Hollandia (fort in Banda Besar),
Benteng Concordia (fort in Banda Besar),
Pantai Lanutu (beach in P. Banda Besar),
Nutmeg plantation in P. Banda Besar,
Pulau Syahrir / Pisang (island),
Benteng Inggris (fort in Ai Island)

Tour in south-east Moluccas:
Kai Besar (island & beach),
Pantai Pasir Panjang (beach in Kai Kecil),
Ohoideertawun (beach in Kai Kecil),
Gua Luwat (cave in P. Kai Kecil),
Museum Belang (in P. Dullah),
Danau Ngadi (lake in P. Dullah),
Pantai Tamadan (beach in P. Dullah),
Sangliat Dol (ship statue in Tanimbar),
Pantai Ilngei (beach in Tanimbar)
Pantai Leluan (beach in Tanimbar)